International pressure and actually talking about homophobia works!
The gay couple jailed in Malawi after getting engaged have been pardoned by President Bingu wa Mutharika. It happened as UN chief Ban Ki-moon visited, just after Africa superpower South Africa condemned them, and piles of pressure from leading tolerant demoncracies, serial adoptee Madonna and Elton John in a great letter here.
We are probably decades from marriage equality in most of Africa and the culture of hate in Malawi that produced this arrest and sentence is ever present. But this is still a good day. The debate has moved forward.